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Read online Il paesaggio morale. Come la scienza determina i valori umani.pdf PDF, EPUB, MOBI, TXT, DOC Il paesaggio morale. Come la scienza determina i valori umani Uno dei luoghi comuni pi diffusi e condivisi da fondamentalisti religiosi e scienziati che la scienza non abbia niente da dire sui valori e sulla morale L idea di questo libro esattamente contraria solo la scienza pu aiutarci a rispondere ai dilemmi morali Il primo libro di Sam Harris La fine della fede ha innescato un dibattito di portata mondiale riguardo alla validit della religione In seguito ad esso Harris si reso conto che la maggior parte delle persone dai fondamentalisti religiosi agli scienziati atei concordava su un punto che la scienza non abbia voce in capitolo sul tema dei valori umani In Il paesaggio morale un libro altrettanto controverso Harris cerca di legare l etica al resto della conoscenza umana Nel definire la morale nei termini del benessere umano e animale egli sostiene che la scienza pu fare molto di pi che descrivere il modo in cui siamo essa pu in linea di principio dirci come dovremmo essere Secondo il suo punto di vista il relativismo morale semplicemente falso e impone un crescente fardello sull umanit L intrusione della religione nella sfera dei valori umani pu dunque essere respinta cos come non esiste una fisica cristiana o un algebra musulmana egualmente non pu esserci un etica cristiana o musulmana Facendo tesoro delle proprie conoscenze filosofiche e scientifiche Harris ha scritto un libro che modifica le regole del gioco riguardo al futuro della scienza e alle fondamenta della cooperazione umana by Sam Harris

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Il paesaggio morale. Come la scienza determina i valori umani
Title:Il paesaggio morale. Come la scienza determina i valori umani
Format Type:eBook PDF / e-Pub
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Author:
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ISBN:8806210726
ISBN 13:
Number of Pages:368
Category:Philosophy, Science, Non fiction, Religion, Atheism, Psychology
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An Atheist Manifesto, The End of Faith: Religion, Terror, and the Future of Reason, Islam and the Future of Tolerance: A Dialogue, Functional Neuroimaging of Belief, Disbelief, and Uncertainty, Waking Up: A Guide to Spirituality Without Religion, Free Will, Lying, Letter to a Christian Nation, The Moral Landscape: How Science Can Determine Human Values, The Neural Correlates of Religious and Nonreligious Belief
Sam Harris first book i The End of Faith i ignited a worldwide debate about the validity of religion In the aftermath Harris discovered that most people from religious fundamentalists to non believing scientists agree on one point science has nothing to say on the subject of human values Indeed our failure to address questions of meaning and morality through science has now become the most common justification for religious faith It is also the primary reason why so many secularists and religious moderates feel obligated to respect the hardened superstitions of their more devout neighbors br br In this explosive new book Sam Harris tears down the wall between scientific facts and human values arguing that most people are simply mistaken about the relationship between morality and the rest of human knowledge Harris urges us to think about morality in terms of human and animal well being viewing the experiences of conscious creatures as peaks and valleys on a moral landscape Because there are definite facts to be known about where we fall on this landscape Harris foresees a time when science will no longer limit itself to merely describing what people do in the name of morality in principle science should be able to tell us what we i ought i to do to live the best lives possible br br Bringing a fresh perspective to age old questions of right and wrong and good and evil Harris demonstrates that we already know enough about the human brain and its relationship to events in the world to say that there are right and wrong answers to the most pressing questions of human life Because such answers exist moral relativism is simply false and comes at increasing cost to humanity And the intrusions of religion into the sphere of human values can be finally repelled for just as there is no such thing as Christian physics or Muslim algebra there can be no Christian or Muslim morality br br Using his expertise in philosophy and neuroscience along with his experience on the front lines of our culture wars Harris delivers a game changing book about the future of science and about the real basis of human cooperation, ABSTRACT from a href http www plosone org article info Adoi F Fjournal pone top rel nofollow the full study a br br Background br br While religious faith remains one of the most significant features of human life little is known about its relationship to ordinary belief at the level of the brain Nor is it known whether religious believers and nonbelievers differ in how they evaluate statements of fact Our lab previously has used functional neuroimaging to study belief as a general mode of cognition and others have looked specifically at religious belief However no research has compared these two states of mind directly br Methodology Principal Findings br br We used functional magnetic resonance imaging fMRI to measure signal changes in the brains of thirty subjects fifteen committed Christians and fifteen nonbelievers as they evaluated the truth and falsity of religious and nonreligious propositions For both groups and in both categories of stimuli belief judgments of true vs judgments of false was associated with greater signal in the ventromedial prefrontal cortex an area important for self representation emotional associations reward and goal driven behavior This region showed greater signal whether subjects believed statements about God the Virgin Birth etc or statements about ordinary facts A comparison of both stimulus categories suggests that religious thinking is more associated with brain regions that govern emotion self representation and cognitive conflict while thinking about ordinary facts is more reliant upon memory retrieval networks br br Conclusions Significance br br While religious and nonreligious thinking differentially engage broad regions of the frontal parietal and medial temporal lobes the difference between belief and disbelief appears to be content independent Our study compares religious thinking with ordinary cognition and as such constitutes a step toward developing a neuropsychology of religion However these findings may also further our understanding of how the brain accepts statements of all kinds to be valid descriptions of the world br br Author Contributions br br Conceived and designed the experiments Sam Harris Jonas T Kaplan Marco Iacoboni Mark S Cohen Performed the experiments Jonas T Kaplan Analyzed the data Sam Harris Jonas T Kaplan Marco Iacoboni Mark S Cohen Contributed reagents materials analysis tools Marco Iacoboni Mark S Cohen Wrote the paper Sam Harris Jonas T Kaplan Performed all subject recruitment telephone screenings and psychometric assessments prior to scanning Ashley Curiel Supervised our psychological assessment procedures and consulted on subject exclusions Susan Y Bookheimer Gave extensive notes on the manuscript Mark S Cohen Marco Iacoboni, In this deeply informed and absorbing exchange Sam Harris and Maajid Nawaz present an antidote to the polarizing rhetoric and obscurantism that have become defining features of our time honest dialogue A renowned critic of religion Harris finds the doctrines of Islam dangerous and irredeemable No the Muslim anti extremist Nawaz argues Islam is amenable to reform and can find its place in a secular world Rather than devolve into bigotry or caricature their exchange presents an inspiring example of courteous attention sharp edged wisdom and finally hope br br A former member of the Islamist revolutionary group Hizb ut Tahrir author of Radical and cofounder of the anti extremist think tank Quilliam Nawaz speaks with unique authority about the possibility of Islamic reform Since the publication of The End of Faith Harris has critiqued religion and asserted that reason and science are the true guardians of our deepest human values Islam and the Future of Tolerance is an exemplar of how the fog can lift when hyperbole and posturing are put aside in pursuit of understanding br br Guided by a mutual commitment to the belief that no idea is above scrutiny and no people beneath dignity Harris and Nawaz challenge each other and consequently their readers to defend incompatible positions define and explore their facts and discover common ground Published with the explicit hope to inspire many more such conversations this dialogue extends an invitation to a world riven by violence to take up the task of engagement, In response to i The End of Faith i Sam Harris received thousands of letters from Christians excoriating him for not believing in God i Letter to A Christian Nation i is his reply Using rational argument Harris offers a measured refutation of the beliefs that form the core of fundamentalist Christianity In the course of his argument he addresses current topics ranging from intelligent design and stem cell research to the connections between religion and violence In i Letter to a Christian Nation i Sam Harris boldly challenges the influence that faith has on public life in our nation