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Read online The Orientalizing Revolution: Near Eastern Influence on Greek Culture in the Early Archaic Age.pdf PDF, EPUB, MOBI, TXT, DOC The Orientalizing Revolution: Near Eastern Influence on Greek Culture in the Early Archaic Age The culture of the ancient Greeks has often been described as emerging like a miracle from a genius of its own owing practically nothing to its neighbours Walter Burkert offers a decisive argument against that view pointing toward a more balanced picture of the archaic period in which under the influence of the Semitic East from writers craftsmen merchants healers Greek culture began its unique flowering soon to assume cultural hegemony in the Mediterranean by Walter Burkert

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The Orientalizing Revolution: Near Eastern Influence on Greek Culture in the Early Archaic Age
Title:The Orientalizing Revolution: Near Eastern Influence on Greek Culture in the Early Archaic Age
Format Type:eBook PDF / e-Pub
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ISBN:067464364X
ISBN 13:
Number of Pages:225
Category:History, Greece, Ancient history, Non fiction, Archaeology, Cultural
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Greek Religion, Creation of the Sacred: Tracks of Biology in Early Religions, Structure & History in Greek Mythology & Ritual (Sather Classical Lecture), Homo Necans: The Anthropology of Ancient Greek Sacrificial Ritual and Myth, The Orientalizing Revolution: Near Eastern Influence on Greek Culture in the Early Archaic Age, Babylon, Memphis, Persepolis: Eastern Contexts of Greek Culture, Ancient Mystery Cults, Savage Energies: Lessons of Myth and Ritual in Ancient Greece, Lore and Science in Ancient Pythagoreanism, Violent Origins: Walter Burkert, Ren Girard, and Jonathan Z. Smith on Ritual Killing and Cultural Formation
We often think of classical Greek society as a model of rationality and order Yet as Walter Burkert demonstrates in these influential essays on the history of Greek religion there were archaic savage forces surging beneath the outwardly calm face of classical Greece whose potentially violent and destructive energies Burkert argues were harnessed to constructive ends through the interlinked uses of myth and ritual br br For example in a much cited essay on the Athenian religious festival of the Arrephoria Burkert uncovers deep connections between this strange nocturnal ritual in which two virgin girls carried sacred offerings into a cave and later returned with something given to them there and tribal puberty initiations by linking the festival with the myth of the daughters of Kekrops Other chapters explore the origins of tragedy in blood sacrifice the role of myth in the ritual of the new fire on Lemnos the ties between violence the Athenian courts and the annual purification of the divine image and how failed political propaganda entered the realm of myth at the time of the Persian Wars, At the distant beginning of Western civilization according to European tradition Greece stands as an insular isolated near miracle of burgeoning culture This book traverses the ancient world s three great centers of cultural exchange Babylonian Nineveh Egyptian Memphis and Iranian Persepolis to situate classical Greece in its proper historical place at the Western margin of a more comprehensive Near Eastern Aegean cultural community that emerged in the Bronze Age and expanded westward in the first millennium B C br br In concise and inviting fashion Walter Burkert lays out the essential evidence for this ongoing reinterpretation of Greek culture In particular he points to the critical role of the development of writing in the ancient Near East from the achievement of cuneiform in the Bronze Age to the rise of the alphabet after B C From the invention and diffusion of alphabetic writing a series of cultural encounters between Oriental and Greek followed Burkert details how the Assyrian influences of Phoenician and Anatolian intermediaries the emerging fascination with Egypt and the Persian conquests in Ionia make themselves felt in the poetry of Homer and his gods in the mythic foundations of Greek cults and in the first steps toward philosophy A journey through the fluid borderlines of the Near East and Europe with new and shifting perspectives on the cultural exchanges these produced this book offers a clear view of the multicultural field upon which the Greek heritage that formed Western civilization first appeared, For the first English edition of his distinguished study i Weisheit und Wissenschaft Studien zu Pythagoras Philoloas und Platon i Mr Burkert has extensively revised both text and notes taking into account additional literature that has appeared since, No description available