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Read online The Scapegoat.pdf PDF, EPUB, MOBI, TXT, DOC The Scapegoat Widely regarded as one of the most profound critics of our time Rene Girard has pursued a powerful line of inquiry across the fields of the humanities and the social sciences His theories which the French press has termed l hypothese girardienne have sparked interdisciplinary even international controversy In i The Scapegoat i Girard applies his approach to texts of persecution documents that recount phenomena of collective violence from the standpoint of the persecutor documents such as the medieval poet Guillaume de Machaut s i Judgement of the King of Navarre i which blames the Jews for the Black Death and describes their mass murder .

Girard compares persecution texts with myths most notably with the myth of Oedipus and finds strikingly similar themes and structures Could myths regularly conceal texts of persecution Girard s answers lies in a study of the Christian Passion which represents the same central event the same collective violence found in all mythology but which is read from the point of view of the innocent victim The Passion text provides the model interpretation that has enabled Western culture to demystify its own violence a demystification Girard now extends to mythology .

Underlying Girard s daring textual hypothesis is a powerful theory of history and culture Christ s rejection of all guilt breaks the mythic cycle of violence and the sacred The scapegoat becomes the Lamb of God the foolish genesis of blood stained idols and the false gods of superstition politics and ideologies are revealed by René Girard

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The Scapegoat
Title:The Scapegoat
Format Type:eBook PDF / e-Pub
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ISBN:0801839173
ISBN 13:
Number of Pages:232
Category:Philosophy, Non fiction, Theology, Religion, Anthropology, Psychology, History
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Deceit, Desire and the Novel: Self and Other in Literary Structure, The Girard Reader, Sacrifice, I See Satan Fall Like Lightning, A Theatre of Envy: William Shakespeare, Violence and the Sacred, The Scapegoat, Evolution and Conversion: Dialogues on the Origins of Culture, Things Hidden Since the Foundation of the World, Resurrection from the Underground: Feodor Dostoevsky
This study extends beyond the scope of literature into the psychology of much of our contemporary scene including fashion advertising and propaganda techniques In considering such aspects the author goes beyond the domain of pure aesthetics and offers an interpretation of some basic cultural problems of our time, In one volume an anthology of seminal work of one of the twentieth century s most original thinkers, In this groundbreaking work one of our foremost literary and cultural critics turns to the major figure in English literature William Shakespeare and proposes a dramatic new reading of nearly all his plays and poems The key to A Theater of Envy is Rene Girard s novel reinterpretation of mimesis For Girard people desire objects not for their intrinsic value but because they are desired by someone else we mime or imitate their desires This envy or mimetic desire he sees as one of the foundations of the human condition br Bringing such provocative and iconoclastic insights to bear on Shakespeare Girard reveals the previously overlooked coherence of problem plays like Troilus and Cressida and makes a convincing argument for elevating A Midsummer Night s Dream from the status of a chaotic comedy to a masterpiece The book abounds with novel and provocative interpretations Shakespeare becomes a prophet of modern advertising and the threat of nuclear disaster is read in the light of Hamlet Most intriguing of all perhaps is a brief but brilliant aside in which an entirely new perspective is brought to the chapter in Joyce s Ulysses in which Stephen Dedalus gives a lecture on Shakespeare In Girard s view only Joyce perhaps the greatest of twentieth century novelists comes close to understanding the greatest of Renaissance playwrights br Throughout this impressively sustained reading of Shakespeare Girard s prose is sophisticated but contemporary and accessible to the general reader Anyone interested in literature anthropology or psychoanalysis will want to read this challenging book And all those involved in theatrical production and performance will find A Theater of Envy full of suggestive new ideas, Presented as a series of conversations Evolution i and Conversion i is a thorough discussion of the major tenets of Girard s thought br br Ren Girard is one of the most brilliant and striking intellectuals of the th century His theory on the imitative nature of desire and on the violent origin of culture has been at the centre of the philosophical and theoretical debate since the publication in of his seminal book i Violence and the Sacred i His reflection on the relationship between violence and religion is one of the most original and persuasive and given the urgency of this issue in our contemporary world demands a reappraisal br br Girard who has been hailed by Michel Serres as the Charles Darwin of human sciences is in fact one of the few thinkers in the humanities and social sciences that takes into full consideration an evolutionary perspective to explain the emergence of culture and institutions The authors draw out this aspect of his thought by foregrounding ethological anthropological and evolutionary theories br br Methodological and epistemological systematization has also been lacking in Girard s previous books and by questioning him on the issue of evidence and truth the authors provide a convincing framework for further inquiries In the last chapters Girard proposes a provocative re reading of the Biblical texts seen as the culmination of an enduring process of historical awareness of the presence and function of collective violence in our world In fact Girard s long argument is a historical spiral in which the origin of culture and archaic religion is reunited with the contemporary world by means of a reinterpretation of Christianity and its revelation of the intrinsic violent nature of the human being