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Read online The Invention of Altruism: Making Moral Meanings in Victorian Britain.pdf PDF, EPUB, MOBI, TXT, DOC The Invention of Altruism: Making Moral Meanings in Victorian Britain Altruism was coined by the French sociologist Auguste Comte in the early s as a theoretical term in his cerebral theory and as the central ideal of his atheistic Religion of Humanity In The Invention of Altruism Thomas Dixon traces this new language of altruism as it spread through British culture between the s and the s and in doing so provides a new portrait of Victorian moral thought Drawing attention to the importance of Comtean positivism in setting the agenda for debates about science and religion this volume challenges received ideas about both Charles Darwin and Herbert Spencer as moral philosophers Darwin saw sympathy and love not only selfishness and competition throughout the natural world Spencer was the instigator of an Anti Aggression League and an advocate of greater altruism in Britain s dealings with the lower races It also sheds light on the rise of popular socialism in the s on the creation of the idealist altruist in novels of the s and on the individualistic philosophies of Friedrich Nietzsche Oscar Wilde and G E Moore authors considered by some to be representative of fin de siecle egomania This wide ranging study in the history of ideas is highly relevant to contemporary debates about altruism evolution religion and ethics by Thomas Dixon

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The Invention of Altruism: Making Moral Meanings in Victorian Britain
Title:The Invention of Altruism: Making Moral Meanings in Victorian Britain
Format Type:eBook PDF / e-Pub
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ISBN:0197264263
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Number of Pages:420
Category:Manga
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The Invention of Altruism: Making Moral Meanings in Victorian Britain, Thomas Brown: Selected Philosophical Writings, From Passions to Emotions: The Creation of a Secular Psychological Category, The Clansman: An Historical Romance of the Ku Klux Klan, Science and Religion: A Very Short Introduction, How to Get a First: The Essential Guide to Academic Success, Weeping Britannia: Portrait of a Nation, Science and Religion: New Historical Perspectives
In this informative guide Thomas Dixon argues that you do not have to be a genius to get a first at university He sets out to de mystify first class degrees in the arts humanities and social sciences clearly articulating the difference between the excellent and the merely competent in undergraduate work br br This concise no nonsense guidebook will give prospective and current students advice on teaching and learning styles that prevail in university and on how to manage their two most important resources their time and their lecturers In an accessible and entertaining style the author looks at subjects such as br br br making the transition from school to university developing transferable skills making use of lectures and seminars using libraries and the Internet note taking essays seminars and presentations common mistakes to avoid writing with clarity and style revision and examinations br Illustrated with many examples from a range of academic disciplines em How to Get a First em is an all purpose guide to success in academic life Visit the companion website em a target blank href http www getafirst com rel nofollow www getafirst com a em, There is a persistent myth about the British that we are a nation of stoics with stiff upper lips repressed emotions and inactive lachrymal glands Weeping Britannia the first history of crying in Britain comprehensively debunks this myth br br Far from being a persistent element in the national character the notion of the British stiff upper lip was in fact the product of a relatively brief and militaristic period of our past from about to In earlier times we were a nation of proficient sometimes virtuosic moral weepers To illustrate this perhaps surprising fact Thomas Dixon charts six centuries of weeping Britons and theories about them from the medieval mystic Margery Kempe in the early fifteenth century to Paul Gascoigne s famous tears in the semi finals of the World Cup In between the book includes the tears of some of the most influential figures in British history from Oliver Cromwell to Margaret Thatcher not forgetting George III Queen Victoria Charles Darwin and Winston Churchill along the way br br But the history of weeping in Britain is not simply one of famous tear stained individuals These tearful micro histories all contribute to a bigger picture of changing emotional ideas and styles over the centuries touching on many other fascinating areas of our history For instance the book also investigates the histories of painting literature theatre music and the cinema to discover how and why people have been moved to tears by the arts from the sentimental paintings and novels of the eighteenth century and the romantic music of the nineteenth to Hollywood weepies expressionist art and pop music in the twentieth century br br Weeping Britannia is simultaneously a museum of tears and a philosophical handbook using history to shed new light on the changing nature of Britishness over time as well as the ever shifting ways in which we express and understand our emotional lives The story that emerges is one in which a previously rich religious and cultural history of producing and interpreting tears was almost completely erased by the rise of a stoical and repressed British empire in the late nineteenth century Those forgotten philosophies of tears and feeling can now be rediscovered In the process readers might perhaps come to view their own tears in a different light as something more than mere emotional incontinence, Thomas Brown Professor of Moral Philosophy in Edinburgh was among the most prominent and widely read British philosophers of the first half of the nineteenth century An influential interpreter of both Hume and Reid Brown provided a bridge between the Scottish school of Common Sense and the later positivism of John Stuart Mill and others The selections in this volume illustrate Brown s original ideas about mental science cause and effect emotions and ethics They are preceded by an introduction situating Brown s career and writings in their intellectual and historical context, The idea of an inevitable conflict between science and religion was decisively challenged by John Hedley Brooke in his classic Science and Religion Some Historical Perspectives Cambridge Almost two decades on Science and Religion New Historical Perspectives revisits this argument and asks how historians can now impose order on the complex and contingent histories of religious engagements with science Bringing together leading scholars this volume explores the history and changing meanings of the categories science and religion the role of publishing and education in forging and spreading ideas the connection between knowledge power and intellectual imperialism and the reasons for the confrontation between evolution and creationism among American Christians and in the Islamic world A major contribution to the historiography of science and religion this book makes the most recent scholarship on this much misunderstood debate widely accessible